Video: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Diabetic patients should have an eye examination every year. During that exam, please inform your doctor when you were first diagnosed, what medications you are currently taking, how often you check your blood sugar levels, when was your last hemoglobin A1c test, and the results of that test. This initial information is critical in order for your doctor to best serve your visual needs as a diabetic. Poor management of your blood sugar levels could lead to vision loss, among other problems.
Laser treatments, as well as certain intra-ocular injectable medications, have proven to slow the progression of retinal eye disease for many patients. Diabetes often stimulates the irregular growth of new blood vessels in the back of the eye, which ultimately leak and damage the retina. If this condition is discovered early, laser treatment can destroy these vessels. We have the latest instruments used to detect changes in the back of the eye. If we discover advancing diabetic eye disease that can be treated or needs further evaluation, we will refer you for consultation and further testing to a board-certified retinal specialist.